Role of Youth Promoting Food Security

Use of indigenous Technologies for Agric production

Lorene Cardile (A Growing culture) and Alexander plus Geoffrey from Kikandwa Environmental Action (KEA) training Teens Uganda volunteers new techniques of making domestic organic manure, organic disinfectants from waste materials is saw dirty, charcoal dust, Tethania, Duckweed,  etc and the use of effective micro-organisms to fasten the process.

Engaging youth in agriculture has been a prominent topic recently and has risen up the development agenda, as there is growing concern worldwide that young people have become disenchanted with agriculture.

With most young people – around 85% – living in developing countries, where agriculture is likely to provide the main source of income it is vital that young people are connected with farming.

Currently around the world we’re living in an era where rapid urbanisation has led to a decline in rural populations and for the first time ever the majority of the world’s population lives in a city. The UN World Health Organization predicts that “by 2030, 6 out of every 10 people will live in a city, and by 2050, this proportion will increase to 7 out of 10 people” meaning that more young people than ever before are moving to cities and towns to find work, leaving few behind to work in rural areas.

With this predicted concentration of the global population in urban areas it is easier to understand why the number of young farmers is in decline. So how do we reignite the love for farming when the trend is to live in cities and towns?

Informal knowledge and skills have become less important in some cases. In many cultures, youth are not trusted and their initiatives are not given importance. They are considered as “an empty bowl to fill”, rather than a source of creativity and innovation. Young women and men living in rural areas often lack access to formal education, resulting in a brain drain of the most promising and skilled youth away from rural areas, thus creating greater challenges for the future of rural communities.

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Investing in the education and training of young rural people is becoming ever more important as the challenges associated with adopting sustainable, climate-smart production methods and linking up with marketing opportunities in modern value chains are growing.

The increasing engagement of multinational and national companies in food value chains along with increased consumer sensitivity to global issues of sustainability and poverty reduction means that opportunities for young people to engage in agriculture today and in the future are arguably greater than was the case for their parents. At the same time, however, greater competition and more demanding quality standards at the market side and more competition over scarce natural resources, including land, from the production side imply the need for these young people to develop a range of skills and knowledge that have not always been readily accessible in rural areas.

Given these realities, it is unfortunate that the training needs of young rural people – in particular those needed to develop capacities to engage in productive, profitable and sustainable agriculture – have rarely been systematically addressed in education and training agendas. Even today, many national training plans contain no specific acknowledgement of the particular requirements of youth. In such a scenario, it is not surprising that many young people do not see agriculture as a viable and attractive career.

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