Integration of Creative Arts in Transport Planning and Mobility
Vulnerability reduction is achieved not solely by physical measures to mitigate the destructive effects of a hazard. Social measures that help to reduce negative impacts and enhance the resilience of the population are also essential. Safety and health promotion, environmental awareness, and the strengthening of community organization are essential elements in helping people to become less vulnerable to emergencies and disasters.
Moreover, the success of any technical intervention—whether before or after a disaster strikes—depends on the way that it is received and used by the community involved.
People in community must be consulted about their needs and wishes, and be involved in planning as well as in implementation. Their knowledge and capacities must be acknowledged and strengthened as appropriate. Community participation is thus an essential element in emergency-management planning.
Principles of community participation:
Community participation means the involvement of people from the earliest stages of the development process, as opposed to simply asking their opinion of project proposals that have already been developed, or for their contribution to the implementation of projects imposed from outside. Participatory approaches have been widely tested in the fields of water, sanitation and hygiene, and experience has shown that involvement of the community can produce wide-ranging benefits. The main principles are:
– Communities can and should determine their own priorities in dealing with the problems that they face.
– The enormous depth and breadth of collective experience and knowledge in a community can be built on to bring about change and improvements.When people understand a problem, they will more readily act to solve it. People solve their own problems best in a participatory group process.
One of the aims of mobility plans is to give all citizens access to different services throughout a city and its surrounding urban area. The barrier-free public transport, low-floor trams and smart cards attracted elderly people who had been reluctant to travel to the city centre, contributing to better social inclusion.
Integrated mobility plans help to ensure a better standard of living for city inhabitants. A sustainable mobility system based on public transport notably means less noise pollution, better air quality, better utilisation of public space and increased road safety for all road users.
Mobility plans support economic growth. Thanks to better mobility solutions, people can easily access their activities and thus cities become more vibrant and attractive for businesses, employers and tourism; their population increases and they draw the attention of investors.